Determination of characteristics of almonds (Prunus amygdalus L.) tree and fruit in north of Iraq Sulaimania Chemchemal province

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Van Yüzüncü Yil University, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bahçe Bitkileri (Yl) (Tezli), Turkey

Approval Date: 2018

Thesis Language: English


Supervisor: Adnan Yaviç


This study was carried out in 2017 and 2018 to determination and selection almond types that distributed in the Chamchemal Sulaimania province of Northern Iraq. Fırstly 100 almond genotypes were marked in this study according to the observations and evaluations made on these gynotypes. At the end of the study, some important fruit and tree characteristics of selected genotypes were determined. Finally 10 hopeful almond gynotypes (SU-24, SU-40, SU-67, SU-65, SU-69, SU-76, SU-82, SU-26, SU-79 and SU-70), wich scores higher points according to weighted ranked method were determined. As a result the almond fruit weight with shells of these gynotypes ranged from 6.74 to 4.00 g, the almond kernel weight ranged from 2.02-1.00 g, the kernel ratio was between 30.51%  to 21.25%, the fruit lengh ranged from 43.40 to 33.00 mm, the fruit width ranged from 25.60 to 12.40 mm, the fruit thicknesses were between  16.40 and 11.07 mm, the kernel lengh ranged from 31.00-22.90 and the kernel almond width ranged 22.30 to 12.00 mm, the kernel thickness ranged from 8.50 to 3.66 mm. Shell opining suture of all selected genotypes were 100% close, in terms of the kernel color for 10 hopeful genotypes 5 of them were medium light and 5 of them were light.


Key words: Almond, Chemchemal. Selection, Sulaimania.