Knowledge Levels of Parents and Their Preschool Age Children towards Environmental Issues

Rakap A. , Erimez F. N. , Armağan M. , Ekin N. G. , Çabuker E.

67th OMEP World Assembly and Conference, Washington, Dc, United States Of America, 27 July - 01 August 2015, pp.74

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Washington, Dc
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.74


One of the main actions towards environmental problems is environmental education. Environmental education is not only teaching youngsters what really an environment is but also a discipline including the objectives; namely, environmental awareness, environmental literacy, environmental responsibility, environmental competence and environmental citizenship. Based on this, current study explored the knowledge level of parents and their children attending a preschool in Van province towards environment. Thus, the research question of the study is that “Is there a connection between parents’ and children’s knowledge level of environmental issues?” 

Sample of this study consists of 80 children (ages between 5 to 6 years olds) who are attending a state preschool at the center of Van and their parents. After taken permission from their parents, children are being interviewed one-to-one by using a scale which was developed by Musser and Diamond (1999) and adapted into Turkish by Ozturk-Kahriman (2010). The scale includes pictures showing some environmental issues and related questions about the pictures.

The data obtained through interviews will be analyzed by using qualitative analysis techniques. Children’s attitudes will be grouped according to the framework of Thomson and Barton (1994). The framework includes two categories: eco-centric and anthropocentric. Eco-centric: Environment-based “appreciating the earth as a whole and believe the idea of protecting the environment and anthropocentric: Human-centered “environment should be protected because it is beneficial for humans”

Children's parents complete a survey called Environmental Education Screening List which was adapted by Erten (2003) investigating their knowledge towards environmental problems. The Cronbach reliability of the survey was calculated as .71 by Erten. The survey includes 56 questions assessing knowledge about, attitudes through and behaviors related to environment. Data obtained from qualitative data collected from children and quantitative data got from their parents will be analyzed together. Results will be discussed with related literature.