The Effect of Cutting Speed on The Machinability of 2080 Special K steel on Vertical Machining Center

Altin A.

International Conference on Advanced Material and Manufacturing Science (ICAMMS 2012), Beijing, Çin, 20 - 21 Aralık 2012, ss.1406-1411 identifier identifier


This study presents the results of machining tests carried out determine the effect of cutting forces and surface roughness on machininig of 2080 Special K (1.2080 DINX210Cr12) cold work steel in terms of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut for milling process. A series of experiments have been performed on 2080 Special K steel material of cutting width 50 mm with round uncoated cemented carbide insert on 5,5 Kw engine power Jhonford VMC550 CNC vertical machining center without cutting fluid. Experiments were carried out by using four different cutting speeds (70,90,110,130 m/min) at constant depth of cut (1mm) and feed rate (0,3mm/rev.) and the effects of cutting speeds on primary cutting force and surface roughness were investigated. The study of the influence of workpiece material on milling process shows that hardening of material increased by machining up. Cutting force (Fc) and surface roughness decreases with improving workpiece material machinability. From the experiments, the lowest average primary cutting force was obtained as 604,03N at cutting speed of 90m/min. The lowest average surface roughness has been obtained as 0,19 urn at cutting speed 110m/min. Obtained chip form is narrow and short step.