Host plants mixture and fitness of Kolla paulula: with an evaluation of the application of Weibull function


Tuan S., Chang P., Saska P., Atlihan R., Chi H.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY, cilt.141, ss.329-338, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 141 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/jen.12357
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.329-338

Özet

The xylem-feeding leafhopper Kolla paulula (Walker), a vector of Pierce's disease, occurs primarily on weeds in and around fruit and ornamental crop orchards in Taiwan. Because our preliminary studies showed that K. paulula performed poorly when reared on pilose beggarticks (Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata) (PB) or trilobate wedelia (Wedelia triloba (L.)) (TW) alone, we collected the life table data of K. paulula reared on a mixture of both host plants to determine the effect at the population level. During their lifespan, 95.6% of feeding time was spent on the major host plant (PB) and only 4.4% on the minor host plant (TW). The intrinsic rate of increase (r), finite rate of increase (), net reproduction rate (R-0) and mean generation time (T) of K. paulula were 0.0487, 1.0500day(-1), 35.86 offspring and 73.4days, respectively. Because more than 95% of the insects have been observed feeding on both plants, this would indicate that the minor host plant may play an important role in the fitness of K. paulula regardless of the short feeding time. We calculated the percentage contribution to the population parameters made by females that had fed on both PB and TW and compared these with the values obtained for offspring of females that had fed solely on PB. We also evaluated the usefulness of applying the Weibull distribution in demographic studies. We demonstrated that when there is a higher mortality in specific life stages, the fitted Weibull distribution would be inaccurate in describing the survival curve and that application of the fitted curve to the calculation of life expectancy or other statistics would result in significant discrepancy to the actual curve.