Evolution of Camlik fissure-ridge travertines in the Baskale basin (Van, Eastern Anatolia)

Selcuk A. , Erturac M. K. , Üner S., ÖZSAYIN E., PONS-BRANCHU E.

GEODINAMICA ACTA, cilt.29, ss.1-19, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09853111.2016.1228037
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-19


Fissure-ridge travertines (FRTs) are of great importance for the determination and comparison of tectonic deformation in a region. The coeval development of these travertines with active fault zones supplies significant information about regional dynamics in terms of deformation pattern and evolution. In this paper, the characteristics of FRTs of the Baskale basin (eastern Turkey) and responsible regional tectonism are discussed for the first time. The Baskale basin is located between the Baskale Fault Zone (BFZ) characterised by Camlik fault and Isikli-Ziranis fault. It is located between dextral Yuksekova Fault Zone and southern end of dextral Guilato-Siahcheshmeh-Khoy Fault system (Iran). Various morphological features indicating recent activity are exposed along the BFZ, including offsetting rivers, fissure-ridge travertine and fault scarps. The Camlik fissure-ridge travertine composing of three different depositions is observed along the eastern edge of the BFZ with approximately parallel orientations. The Famlik fissure-ridge travertine has been formed and developed on fault zone related to strike-slip or oblique movements. We explain how kinematic changes of faults can influence the fissure-ridge development.