Turkey's Straits Policy in Consistency-Uncertainty Scale (March 1945- October 1946)

Ozturkci A.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, cilt.15, sa.29, ss.473-496, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 15 Konu: 29
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.473-496


Turkish Straits, just after the Second World War, became one of the strategic points that witnessed the conflicts of interest of the war winners, the USSR, the US and Britain. In this process, because of the consequences of imperialist contradictions that Turkey has had to suffer from, the period between March 1945 and October 1946 was the most intense period of the threat from the USSR to its national independence and territorial integrity. In this study, in the context of this short history section of 18 months, two theses are defended: the first one is that the main reason underlying the threat of the USSR that Turkey experienced is ambivalent policy of the United States. The latter is that in a large-scale from consistency to uncertainty, Turkey defeated the Soviet threat successfully in the policy of drawing the US to the field as the balancing power before the establishment of the Cold War status que, unlike the view claimed in many studies, with its policy of "reconciliation and confidentiality" against the USSR and the policy of "reconciliation and harmony" towards the US.