AN INQUIRY ON KARL R. POPPER’S UNDERSTANDING OF THE METHOD OF SOCIAL SCIENCES


Creative Commons License

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Van Yüzüncü Yil University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Felsefe (Yl) (Tezli) (Muş Alparslan Ün.ortak), Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Dilek Ece

Supervisor: Ahmet Eyim

Abstract:

The aim of this study is to inquiry on Karl R. Popper’s understanding of the method of Social Sciences. Since he applied the method of natural sciences to social sciences, it is possible to understand Popper’s method of social sciences by comprehending his method of natural sciences. Popper’s understanding of scientific method has a systematic integrity. Like Popper’s methodology of natural sciences, the concepts of critical rationality and falsificationism have an important role in the method of social sciences. Critical rationality and falsificationist approach allows natural sciences to truths by eliminating errors. As in natural sciences, this approach produces solutions to the problems arising in social sciences by a critical point of view. Thus, Popper’s methodology facilitates the scientists to learn from the errors. Popper also conceives of the application of critical rationality to social life. On the other hand, to apply the method to social life requires a society in which free thinking prevalis. Popper calls this kind of society as an open society. Open societies are defined as the societies where critical rationality is dominant. Thus, open societies emerge as a society in which seeking a more livable world is distinct.

Key Words: Method, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Critical Rationalism, Falsificationism