An innovative approach to lifelong delayed ejaculation: does attachment style play a role?


Demir M., Işık M., Araz S., Ozveren H., KIRLI U., Ertaş K.

INTERNATIONAL UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11255-022-03219-z
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Lifelong delayed ejaculation, Attachment insecurity, Anxious attachment, Avoidant attachment, Anxiety, Depression, Sexual dysfunction, ADULT ATTACHMENT, SEXUAL EXPERIENCE, MEN, SATISFACTION, RELIABILITY, INVENTORY, THERAPY, WOMEN, SCALE, SELF

Abstract

Purpose To examine whether there is a correlation between attachment styles, which is a developmental psychology theory, and lifelong DE. Methods The research was planned as prospective, multi-centric and cross-sectional study. Thirty patients who were consecutively admitted to the urology outpatient clinic and diagnosed with lifelong DE and 30 age-matched healthy controls were included in the study. All participants gave a detailed medical history and underwent a complete physical examination, and their laboratory and endocrine (prolactin and testosterone) results were evaluated. Additionally, all patients had to fill out socio-demographic information form, the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R) Questionnaire, Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Results The mean age of the DE patients was 33.5 +/- 7.5 years. In the DE group, insecure attachment (both anxious and avoidant attachment), anxiety and depression scores were found to be significantly higher (p < 0.001, effect size medium or large) than the control group. Ejaculation times (both for vaginal intercourse and masturbation) were correlated with both insecure (anxious and avoidant) attachment types, as well as their anxiety and depression scores (p < 0.001). The ASEX satisfaction, ejaculation and total scores were found to be higher in DE patients (higher scores indicating greater sexual dysfunction) than in the control group. Conclusion The large and significant relationships found between lifelong DE and attachment insecurities point to childhood developmental processes. The findings may help us better understand lifelong DE. There is a need for further extensive research on this subject.