Design and Synthesis of ESIPT-Based Imidazole Derivatives for Cell Imaging

Gül S., Açıkgöz E., Çakır M., Menges N.

ACS Omega, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsomega.3c09822
  • Journal Name: ACS Omega
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT)-based fluorescent molecules offer several exciting applications and are utilized most frequently as a cell imaging agent. Because of this, four distinct imidazole derivatives with ESIPT emission have been synthesized, and their fluorescence characteristics have been assessed in a variety of settings. Measurements using fluorescence spectroscopy have shown a promising candidate for cell staining, and potential candidate was specifically investigated for cell imaging uses in HT-29, MDA-MB-231, and HaCaT. Cytotoxicity of candidate molecule (1d) was analyzed using HT-29 and HaCaT cell lines, and at a dosage of 160 μM, HT-29 and HaCaT cell lines showed no signs of important cell toxicity. When spectroscopically measured, compound 1d showed no fluorescence ability in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution. However, after 8 h of incubation in several cell lines, excellent fluorescence characteristics were seen in the green and red filters.