Use of Geometric Morphometry in the Field of Anatomy


Delibaş V., Çakmak G., Çetin T.

SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, 24 - 27 February 2022, pp.318

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Afyonkarahisar
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.318
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Abstract: Morphological examination of a tissue or organ is possible if it is objectively defined. Therefore, morphometric measurements have always been an indispensable part of anatomy. In this context, the first thing that comes to mind is traditional morphometry. Traditional morphometry is a form of morphometry that provides results with low statistical error margin, obtained by using tools and equipment that can give various statistical results. In the field of anatomy, the shape is taken as reference as morphometric measurements, and in this context, it is to examine the subjects such as length, width, comparison of one object or set of objects with another, and to reveal the statistical analysis of the variances of the results, if any. The field of geometric morphometry was first born by Francis Galton (1822-1911) with the methods and knowledge she worked on for many years. This method is primarily based on the quantification of face shapes. Later, D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson (1860-1948) introduced the first multivariate morphometry method, which included matrix manipulations, by taking shape measurements of biological structures. The geometric morphometry method has proven to be superior to the classical morphometry method in terms of minimizing the statistical error rate of the measurements in the tissues to be examined in anatomical studies. Geometric morphometry method consists of five main titles. These include the stages of 1. Design work 2.Data collection 3.Standardizing the data 4.Performing data analysis and 5.Interpreting the results. In terms of being an anatomical example, instead of taking many measurements from bones of the skeletal system such as the skull and hipbone it is possible to determine the species or sex with more accurate results by subjecting photographs of these bones taken from a fixed distance to the geometric morphometry method with computer aided programs. Keywords: geometric, morphometry, anatomy