Phytotherapy in endometriosis: An up-to-date review


Corte L. D. , Noventa M., Ciebiera M., Magliarditi M., Sleiman Z., Karaman E., ...More

Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, vol.17, no.3, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/jcim-2019-0084
  • Journal Name: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, ASSIA, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, SportDiscus, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Endometriosis, Flavonoids, Pharmacological treatments, Phytochemicals, Phytotherapy

Abstract

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease which symptoms can provide a severe impact on patient's quality of life with subsequent impact on psychological well-being. Different therapeutic strategies are available to treat this disease, such as surgery, hormonal therapies, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Nevertheless, the efficacy of conventional medical treatments is limited or intermittent in most of the patients due to the associated side effects. Therefore, a woman with endometriosis often search for additional and alternative options, and phytotherapy might be a promising alternative and complementary strategy. Different medicinal plants, multicomponent herbal preparations, and phytochemicals were investigated for pharmacological proprieties in endometriosis therapy. In most of the cases, the effect on endometriosis was related to phenolic compounds, such as flavonoids and phenolic acids reporting anti-inflammatory, proapoptotic, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory functions. Moreover, some phytochemicals have been related to a strong phytoestrogenic effect modulating the estrogen activity. Although promising, available evidence is based on in vitro and animal models of endometriosis with a limited number of well-performed clinical studies. There are almost none randomized control trials in this area. Therefore, properly constructed clinical trials are mandatory to achieve more conclusive results about the promising role of phytotherapy in the management of endometriosis.