In neonates supraphysiological oxygen therapy has been demonstrated to cause neuronal death in hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, parietal cortex, and retrosplenial cortex. There is a need for the detection of novel neuroprotective drugs. Neuroprotective effects of lacosamide or memantine have been demonstrated in adult patients with ischemia, trauma and status epilepticus. The effects in immature brains may be different. This study aimed to evaluate neuroprotective effects of lacosamide and memantine treatment in a hyperoxia-induced brain injury model in immature rats. This study was performed in the Animal Experiments Laboratory of Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine. Neonatal Wistar strain rat pups were exposed to hyperoxia (80% oxygen + 20% nitrogen) for five days postnatally. They were divided into five groups; hyperoxia + lacosamide, hyperoxia + memantine, hyperoxia + lacosamide and memantine, hyperoxia + saline, control groups. After termination of the experiment, brain tissues were examined. Neuron counting in examined regions were found to be higher in hyperoxia + memantine and hyperoxia + lacosamide and memantine groups than hyperoxia + saline group. The presence of apoptotic cells evaluated with TUNEL and active Caspase-3 in hyperoxia + memantine and hyperoxia + lacosamide and memantine groups were found to be lower compared to hyperoxia + saline group. This study demonstrates that neuron death and apoptosis in newborn rat brains after hyperoxia is reduced upon memantine treatment. This is the first study to show the effects of memantine and lacosamide on hyperoxia-induced damage in neonatal rat brains.