The 3-D strain patterns in Turkey using geodetic velocity fields from the RTK-CORS (TR) network


Kutoglu H. S. , Toker M. , MEKİK Ç.

JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES, cilt.115, ss.246-270, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 115
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.12.002
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.246-270

Özet

This study presents our use of GPS data to obtain and quantify the full continuous strain tensor using a 3D velocity field in Turkey. In this study, GPS velocities improve the estimation of short-term strain tensor fields for determining the seismic hazard of Turkey. The tensorial analysis presents different aspects of deformation, such as the normal and shear strains, including their directions, the compressional and extensional strains. This analysis is appropriate for the characterizing the state of the current seismic deformation. GPS velocity data from continuous measurements (2009-2012) to estimate deformations were processed using the GAMIT/GLOBK software. Using high-rate GPS data from permanent 146 GNSS stations (RTK-CORS-TR network), the strain distribution was determined and interpolated using a biharmonic spline technique. We show the strain field patterns within axial and plane form at several critical locations, and discuss these results within the context of the seismic and tectonic deformation of Turkey. We conclude that the knowledge of the crustal strain patterns provides important information on the location of the main faults and strain accumulation for the hazard assessment. The results show an agreement between the seismic and tectonic strains confirming that there are active crustal deformations in Turkey. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.