Effect of Cavity Disinfection Protocols on Microtensile Bond Strength of Universal Adhesive to Dentin

Bilgili Can D., Dündar A., Barutçugil Ç.



The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of different disinfection protocols of dentin on bond strength of an MDP-containing universal adhesive. Twelve extracted mandibular third molars were separated horizontally at the mid-coronal of crown to get smooth and sound dentin surfaces using low-speed diamond saw. The teeth were randomly fallen into four groups: chlorhexidine (CHX), ozone, Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (LASER) and no treatment (control). After cavity disinfection application, a universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond) was applied to the surface of dentin according to self-etch mode as instructed by the manufacturer. After incremental built-up of composite resin (Charisma Smart), the specimens were immersed in distilled water at 37°C for 24h. Dentin/composite beams with 1 mm² cross sectional area were produced and micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) was applied on these beams (n=20). Failure mods were determined under a stereomicroscope at ×40. The resin penetration of samples stained with Rhodamine B fluorochrome dye was examined with a confocal laser scanning microscope. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS-22. Test results were analyzed using One-way Anova and Tukey HSD Post-Hoc tests (p<0.05). The µTBS value of control (35.13±6.20) was the highest statistically among the groups (p<0.05). The lowest µTBS were obtained by LASER (19.25±4.66) and CHX (23.07±7.01). There was no significant difference between CHX and LASER, and between CHX and ozone (p>0.5). All applications of cavity disinfection procedures decreased the µTBS of the resin-dentin interface.