Effects of ibuprofen and low-level laser therapy on orthodontic pain by means of the analysis of interleukin 1-beta and substance P levels in the gingival crevicular fluid


Kaya Y., ALKAN Ö., Komuroglu A. U. , Keskin S.

JOURNAL OF OROFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS-FORTSCHRITTE DER KIEFERORTHOPADIE, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Objective The goal of this study was to compare the effects of ibuprofen and low-level laser therapy in alleviating orthodontic pain observed after elastomeric separator placement (ESP) by means of the analysis of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1 beta) and substance P (SP) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and visual analog scale (VAS).