Irrigation scheduling based on pan evaporation values for cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) grown under field conditions


Ertek A., Sensoy S. , Gedik I., Kucukyumuk C.

Agricultural Water Management, vol.81, pp.159-172, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.03.008
  • Title of Journal : Agricultural Water Management
  • Page Numbers: pp.159-172

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the most suitable irrigation frequency and quantity in cucumber grown under field conditions. The amount of water used was based on pan evaporation from a screened Class-A pan. Irrigation treatments consisted of two irrigation intervals (I1: 4 and I2: 8 day), and three plant-pan coefficients (Kcp1: 0.50; Kcp2: 0.75 and Kcp3: 1.00). Plants were first watered at the transplanting date and scheduled irrigations were initiated after 4- and 8-day intervals. Irrigation quantities applied to the treatments varied from 320 to 509 mm; seasonal plant water comsumption or evapotranspiration of irrigation treatments varied from 391 to 597 mm; and the cuccumber yield varied from 17.99 to 45.20 ton ha -1. The highest total yield was obtained from I2Kcp3 treatment. Moreover, Kcp3 treatments had the highest early yield. Et/Epan ratio according to treatments ranged from 0.29 to 1.25. Irrigation treatments had significant effects (P < 0.01) on yield and there were significant positive linear relations (P < 0.01) between the fruit number and irrigation water and between the plant water compsumption and the yield. In conclusion, Kcp3 treatment with 8-day-irrigation interval is recommended for cucumber grown under field conditions in order to get higher cucumber yield and to save time and labor. Furthermore, the Et/E pan equation of the best irrigation treatment (I2Kcp3) of this study (Et = 1.05Epan + 96.72) should, therefore, be used in the scheduling irrigation programs in similar conditions. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.