in: Recai Karahan Armağanı, Mehmet Kulaz,Ercan Çalış, Editor, Berikan Elektronik Basım Yayın, Ankara, pp.243-271, 2022
The Mesopotamian region, which has hosted many civilizations from the past to the present, has become the fusion point of religions, languages and cultures. The region that includes Mardin and is called "Upper Mesopotamia"; With its historical geography, socio-cultural structure, numerous movable and immovable cultural assets, it has managed to maintain its feature of being a rich region until today. Throughout the historical ages, communities of different faiths have lived together in Mardin and its surroundings. In addition to the beliefs belonging to the pagan periods, the region where people belonging to the Ezidism, Christianity and Islam faiths live together today, has gained the feature of being a geography of faith where religions and cultures meet. Mardin and its vicinity is a region where the Christian belief began to spread quite early. The region, where many Christian clergy lived a reclusive life and built many monasteries and churches in order to spread their religious beliefs, contains a large part of the historical geography called Turabdin, which is considered sacred by the Assyrians.
Turabdin Region, which has hosted many civilizations due to its location, is a region rich in monasteries and churches of Christian religious architecture. This region, which is considered sacred to the Assyrians, has monasteries where the teachings of the Christian faith and the Syriac church liturgy are still maintained today. Çatalçam Village, Deyro D'Salibo Monastery of Mardin province, Dargeçit district, which is the subject of our research, is included in the borders of Turabdin Region, whose center is generally accepted as Mardin province, Midyat district. These immovable cultural assets belonging to Syriac Orthodox religious architecture can be shown as proof that the region has become a center of belief since the early periods of Christianity. Some of the monasteries built in Mardin Province and its districts constitute an important cultural example that continues to exist today.