Synthesis, characterization, and enhanced formic acid electrooxidation activity of carbon supported MnOx promoted Pd nanoparticles

BULUT A., YURDERI M., ALAL O., Kivrak H., Kaya M., Zahmakıran M.

ADVANCED POWDER TECHNOLOGY, vol.29, no.6, pp.1409-1416, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apt.2018.03.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1409-1416
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Formic acid (HCOOH) is one of the promising fuels for direct liquid fed fuel cells. However, CO poisoning is a major challenge for the development of effective catalytic system for formic acid electrooxidation (FAEO). Herein, a novel CO-resistive activated carbon supported Pd-MnOx bimetallic catalyst (Pd-MnOx/C) was presented for FAEO. Pd-MnOx/C catalyst was prepared via simple and reproducible surfactant-free deposition-reduction technique. The characterization of this novel Pd-MnOx/C catalyst was performed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), bright field transmission electron microscopy (BFTEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and scanning transmission electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDX). The characterization results revealed that Pd and MnOx nanoparticles (NPs) were well dispersed and separately nucleated with a mean diameter of 2.9 nm on the surface of active carbon. FAEO studies were performed on both Pd-MnOx/C and Pd/C catalysts to comprehend the effect of separately formed MnOx on the electrocatalytic activity of Pd NPs. The electrochemical measurements were carried out by using Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and Chronoamperometry (CA), CO-Strriping Voltammetry, Lineer Sweep Voltammetry (LSV), Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Electrochemical results revealed that FAEO was activated by the addition of MnOx. Pd-0.6-Mn-0.4 exhibited the optimum catalytic activity with 1.05 A/mg Pd current density. The sum of their results clearly points that the existence of MnOx NPs enhances the electrocatalytic activity of Pd NPs by increasing their CO-resistivity and durability throughout the FAEO. (C) 2018 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.