Non-seismic soft-sediment deformation structures from Late Pleistocene lacustrine deposits of Lake Van (Eastern Turkey): Storm and overloading effect


Üner S., Selcuk A., ÖZSAYIN E.

Journal of Great Lakes Research, vol.45, no.3, pp.664-671, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jglr.2019.03.007
  • Journal Name: Journal of Great Lakes Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.664-671

Abstract

© 2019 International Association for Great Lakes ResearchSoft-sediment deformation structures of different types and sizes are frequently observed in the lacustrine deposits of Lake Van. According to sedimentary features and regional factors, these structures are categorized as non-seismic originated and seismically-induced, soft-sediment deformation structures. Well-preserved non-seismic originated, soft-sediment deformation structures were observed in fine-grained sandy and silty deposits at three locations (Çatakdibi, Yumrutepe, and Yukarıışıklı), and occur at different stratigraphic horizons, exhibiting morphological variability as they consist of load, flame, and slump structures. The formation mechanisms of these structures are determined by the characteristics of their sedimentary facies and environmental conditions. Overloading, caused by rapid coarse sediment deposition or underwater landslides, and storm waves are identified as triggering mechanisms, while rapid sediment accumulation and underwater mass movements caused by volcanogenic shakes are the conditions responsible for the formation of non-seismic soft-sediment deformation structures, in terms of regional geodynamics.