The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding powdered dentin to primer or adhesive in a self-etch system on the shear bond strength of three resin-based sealers. Seventy-two premolars were sectioned buccolingually, and 144 root halves were divided into three groups according to the sealer used: epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus), methacrylate resin-based (RealSeal, Hybrid Root SEAL) n=48. The surfaces were irrigated with 5% NaOCl, 17% EDTA, distilled water for 5min. Four subgroups were created (n=12): control group; Clearfil Liner Bond 2V treated group; powdered dentin added to the primer of Clearfil Liner Bond 2V (40 wt.%); and powdered dentin added to the adhesive of Clearfil Liner Bond 2V (20 wt.%). Dentin powder was prepared. Three mm high buildups with a constant surface area of 3.45mm(2) were created using the sealers and allowed to set (37oC, 100% humid, 72h). The samples were tested to failure for shear bond strength (1mm/min). The data were calculated (MPa) and analyzed using two-way ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey HSD tests. Adhesive use decreased the bonding performance of AH Plus (p=0.00). Mean bond strength of the other sealers was found similar to control. Primer or adhesive resin with powdered dentin did not increase the adhesive performance of the self-etch system used. The shear bond strength of RealSeal was significantly increased when powdered dentin was added to primer or adhesive (p=0.00). The effect of adding powdered-dentine to primer or adhesive in a self-etch system on the shear bond strength was sealer-dependent .