6th INTERNATIONAL NEW YORK ACADEMIC RESEARCH CONGRESS, New York, United States Of America, 12 - 14 November 2022, pp.100
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato species complex. The intermediate host of the parasite is dogs, and its final hosts are livestock such as sheep, cattle and humans. Orally taken eggs are opened in the intestines and the released oncosphere settles in various organs and tissues, especially the liver and lungs, through portal circulation, forming fluid-filled cysts.
Diagnostic methods in cystic echinococcus Radiological methods are at the forefront in the individual and mass diagnosis of infection. Serological methods such as “enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)”, indirect hemagglutination (IHA) and “western blot (WB)” are useful in diagnosing, confirming the diagnosis and monitoring patients after interventions.
In this study, the studies on the prevalence of echinococcosis as a result of both pre-diagnosis and mass screening in humans in the last 10 years in Turkey were searched by typing terms such as 'Turkey, cystic echinococcus, prevalence' in Google scholor and pubmed, and as a result of the data obtained; Konya (2481/475), Muş(728/30), Erzurum(2009/190), Ankara, Aksaray, Balıkesir, Bitlis, Edirne, Şanlıurfa(8618/53), Adıyaman (1607/244), Aydın(3446/1104), Bursa (1072/213), Erzircan (1102/248), Ankara (2127/454),Diyarbakır (829/222), Van (102/13), Kars(511/177), Manisa (6110/59), Samsun (454/81), Çorum(253/32), Elazığ (2500/5). It was found to be seropositive.
As a result, there are not enough studies on the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis in humans, and massive surveys should be performed across the country to understand the true extent of the disease. As a result of this, necessary protection and precautionary measures should be taken once the real epidemiological data becomes clear.