YYÜ TAR BİL DERG (YYU J AGR SCI), vol.28, no.28, pp.140-149, 2018 (International Refereed University Journal)
To ascertain the presence of Barley/Cereal yellow dwarf viruses (BYDV-PAV, MAV, SGV, RMV, and CYDV-RPV), a total of 365 wheat leaf samples were randomly collected from wheat cultivation fields of Diyarbakir province in 2016 and were screened by using multiplex RT-PCR and RT-PCR methods. As a result of PCR tests the wheat samples were found to be infected by BYDV-PAV, BYDV-SGV and CYDV-RPV with the percentage of 3.5%, 2.4% and 1.3%, respectively. Detected mix infections of BYDV-PAV+BYDV-SGV, BYDV-PAV+CYDV-RPV, BYDV-SGV+CYDV-RPV, and BYDV-PAV+BYDV-SGV+CYDV-RPV were 2.2%, 0.8%, 0.8%, and 0.8%, respectively. A BYDV-PAV Diyarbakir isolate was chosen randomly, and its complete coat protein gene was characterized. The coat protein gene of BYDV-PAV virus (Genbank accession no. KX774424) was molecularly cloned and sequenced with the universal primers. The CP nucleotide sequence of BYDV-PAV Diyarbakir isolate was showed 81.4 - 98.3% identities with the other 21 world isolates. The present study is the first report for documentation of BYDV-PAV, BYDV-SGV and CYDV-RPV viruses in
wheat fields of Diyarbakir province (Turkey).