Can dried tomato and red pepper powder be used as a dietary supplement to strengthen defence systems and production performance in laying hens? Kann getrocknetes Tomaten-und Paprikapulver als Nahrungsergänzungsmittel zur Stärkung der Abwehrsysteme und der Produktionsleistung von Legehennen verwendet werden?


AKTARAN BALA D., MATUR E., ERGÜL EKİZ E., AKYAZI İ., Ergen E., EREK M., ...More

European Poultry Science, vol.84, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1399/eps.2020.323
  • Journal Name: European Poultry Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes, cytokines, dried tomato powder, egg quality, immune system, laying hens, red pepper powder
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No

Abstract

In this study, effects of dietary supplementation of dried tomato powder (DTP) and red pepper powder (DPP) on the antioxidant mechanisms, immune system, cytokines, egg production performance, and egg quality were investigated in a total of 90, 30-week-old hens. The study groups were fed on a diet containing 4% DTP and 4% DPP, respectively for 30 days, while the control group received a commercial laying hen feed. Egg production and egg quality parameters, differential leukocyte count, heterophil functions, serum cytokine, malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbic acid, and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels were measured. It was determined that serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels increased (P = 0.018) and heterophil (P = 0.033) and monocyte (P = 0.020) percentages decreased in the DPP group compared to both control and DTP groups. In the same hens, serum transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) level (P = 0.029) and oxidative burst (P = 0.021) increased compared to the control group, but interleukin-4 (IL-4) (P = 0.014) level and SOD activity (P = 0.021) increased compared to the DTP group. Phagocytic activity was higher in the DTP group compared to other groups (P = 0.003). In addition, it was observed that serum catalase level (P = 0.008), and egg yolk colour (P = 0.001) increased in both experimental groups compared to the control group. It was concluded that DPP and DTP used in this study strengthen the antioxidant defence system, increase heterophil functions, and positively affect cytokine production and egg colour, so it can be used as a safe feed additive in chickens.