Acute cyanide poisoning after eating apricot pits: a case report


Kaya A., Okur M., Ustyol L. , Temel H., Caksen H.

TURK PEDIATRI ARSIVI-TURKISH ARCHIVES OF PEDIATRICS, cilt.47, ss.141-142, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 47 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4274/tpa.212
  • Dergi Adı: TURK PEDIATRI ARSIVI-TURKISH ARCHIVES OF PEDIATRICS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.141-142

Özet

The stones and seeds of some plants such as apples, apricots, and peaches contain significant amounts of cyanide glycosides. Apricot pits are more toxic as they contain higher amounts of cyanogens and release hydrogen cyanide more easily. A previously healthy 27-month old male patient was admitted to our emergency department as intubated. His history revealed that he was intubated in the hospital where he was taken to with the complaint of fainting after having eaten numerous apricot pits with other family members. His general status was poor and he was unconscious. Both of his pupils were reactive. His deep tendon reflexes were increased and his plantar reflex was extensor bilaterally. The case was diagnosed as cyanide intoxication and the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit. Oxygen was constinuosly given under observation. After administration of hydroxocobalamine and sodium bicarbonate and correction of sodium deficit the patient regained consciousness and his general health improved. On the second day of admittance, he was discharged with a stable condition. This case was presented to emphasize that parents should not feed small children with apricot pits. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 141-2)