Design of novel substituted phthalocyanines; synthesis and fluorescence, DFT, photovoltaic properties


Ağırtaş M. S. , Güngördü Solğun D. , Yildiko Ü., Özkartal A.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.44, no.6, pp.1574-1596, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-2007-40
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.1574-1596
  • Keywords: Fluorescence, phthalocyanine, synthesis, DFT, photovoltaic, SENSITIZED SOLAR-CELLS, ZINC-PHTHALOCYANINE, HOMO-LUMO, AGGREGATION BEHAVIOR, THIN-FILMS, METAL-FREE, METALLOPHTHALOCYANINES, ANTIOXIDANT

Abstract

The 4-(2[3,4-dimethoxyphenoxy] phenoxy) phthalonitrile was synthesized as the starting material of new syntheses. Zinc, copper, and cobalt phthalocyanines were achieved by reaction of starting compound with Zn(CH3 COO)(2), CuCl2, and CoCl2 metal salts. Basic spectroscopic methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance electronic absorption, mass and infrared spectrometry were used in the structural characterization of the compounds. Absorption, excitation, and emission measurements of the fluorescence zinc phthalocyanine compound were also investigated in THE. Then, structural, energy, and electronic properties for synthesized metallophthalocyanines were determined by quantum chemical calculations, including the DFT method. The bandgap of HOMO and LUMO was determined to be chemically active. Global reactivity (I, A, eta, s, mu, chi, omega) and nonlinear properties were studied. In addition, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) maps were drawn to identify potential reactive regions of metallophthalocyanine (M-Pc) compounds. Photovoltaic performances of phthalocyanine compounds for dye sensitive solar cells were investigated. The solar conversion efficiency of DSSC based on copper, zinc, and cobalt phthalocyanine compounds was 1.69%, 1.35%, and 1.54%, respectively. The compounds have good solubility and show nonlinear optical properties. Zinc phthalocyanine gave fluorescence emission.