Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TIT) is a particular form of thrombotic microangiopathy typically characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, fever, neurological abnormalities, and renal dysfunction. UP requires a rapid diagnosis and an adapted management in emergency. Daily sessions of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) remain the basis of management of UP. Also, UP is a rare disease that is fatal if it is not treated. TPE has resulted in excellent remission and survival rates in UP patients.