Simultaneous determination of retinol, retinyl palmitate and beta-carotene in rat serum treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene and Hypericum Perforatum L. by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection

Levent A., Ekin S., Oto G.

CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.8, no.1, pp.108-115, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/s11532-009-0101-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.108-115
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


A new and simple high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of retinol, retinyl palmitate and beta-carotene in rat serum treated with Hypericum Perforatum L. and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a] anthracene. Furthermore, vitamin C was determined spectrophotometrically. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis was performed utilizing an Inertsil ODS3 reversed phase column with methanol-acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran (65:30:5, v/v/v) as mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1.5 mL min(-1) and 40 degrees C. Diode-array detection was conducted at 325 and 450 nm for retinol and retinyl palmitate, and beta-carotene, respectively with a running time of 26 min. The high-performance liquid chromatography assay and extraction procedure proposed are simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate. This method was then applied to determine the amounts of retinol, retinyl palmitate and beta-carotene in rat serum. Results of this study demonstrated that at 60(th) day in the 7,12-dimethylbenz[a] anthracene-treated group there was a significant decrease (p<0.001), (p<0,01), (p<0.05) in levels of retinol, retinyl palmitate and vitamin C, respectively compared to the control group levels. A significant decrease (p<0.01) in retinyl palimitate was observed in the 7,12 dimethylbenz[a] anthracene + Hypericum Perforatum L. treated group compared to the control group..