Background. It is known that serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (p-ANP) levels increase in hyperthyroidism. However, the precise mechanism of the effects of thyroid hormone on ANP release remains to be clarified. No study investigating serum ACE together with p-ANP levels has been performed in experimental hyperthyroid and hypothyroid rabbits. The present study was designed in order to provide additional evidence of increased ANP production and secretion in hyperthyroidism and to investigate the relationships between ANP, ACE and thyroid hormones.