Role of modified TAN score in predicting prognosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular therapy.


Baydemir R., Aykaç Ö., Acar B. A. , Kocabaş Z. U. , Milanlioğlu A. , Eryildiz E. S. , ...More

Clinical neurology and neurosurgery, vol.210, pp.106978, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 210
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2021.106978
  • Title of Journal : Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • Page Numbers: pp.106978
  • Keywords: Endovascular, Stroke, Modified TAN collateral score, CT ANGIOGRAPHY, COLLATERAL CIRCULATION, RECANALIZATION, THROMBECTOMY, MANAGEMENT, OUTCOMES

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the prognostic role of modified TAN collateral score in predicting functional independence in ischemic stroke patients, who underwent endovascular therapy. Introduction: Identifying the group of patients, who will benefit most from arterial recanalization in patients with acute ischemic stroke, is the basis of success. Collateral circulation is a physiological condition that protects the brain against ischemia and inhibits the growth of a damaged area. The presence of collaterals is a well-known determinant for functional independence. Numerous collateral scoring systems are used for this purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of modified TAN collateral score (MTCS) in predicting functional independence in patients, who received endovascular therapy. Materials and methods: Prospective data of 101 patients, who received endovascular therapy from the stroke team of Eskisehir Osmangazi University (ESOGU) between 2016 and 2017, were examined retrospectively for this purpose. Collateral assessments were performed in Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) according to the modified TAN scoring system (< 50% refers to poor collateral status, >= 50% refers to good collateral status). Good clinical outcome was assessed as mRS 0-2 in the 3rd month. The TICI scoring system was used in the evaluation of recanalization. Patients treated within the first 6 h of symptom onset, patients with NCCT and contrast CTA, patients with internal carotid artery and middle cerebral artery occlusion were included in the study. Posterior system stroke was not included in the study. Conclusion: Of the 101 patients, 50 (49%) had poor MTCS. Presentation and 24th hour NIHSS values of the patients with poor MTCS were higher (p:0.003). The third month mRS values were low in patients with good MTCS on admission, while these values were high in patients, who presented with poor MTCS. Mortality rates were significantly higher in the patient group with poor collateral circulation score (32-5.9%) (p:0.001). No significant differences were found in the presentation ASPECT values and (TICI 2b/3) recanalization rates of the patients. The rate of futile recanalization was significantly higher in the group with poor collateral circulation (52-8%) (p:0.0001). Presentation glucose, NIHSS, mTAN, symptom-puncture time, and good ASPECT score were found to be predictive markers for good outcome by univariate analysis. The major risk factors were determined by performing multiple logistic regression analysis. Presentation glucose, NIHSS, and mTAN (OR:1.013, 1.29, 0.198, respectively) were found to be strong and independent predictors for good clinical outcome. According to Multiple Binary Logistic Regression analysis Backward-ward model, Baseline NIHSS, poor collaterals and baseline glucose are found as predictors for poor outcome. Discussion: This study shows that good collateral score is associated with good clinical response, small final infarct volume, third month low mRS, low admission, and 24-hour NIHSS rates. The likelihood of having long term prognosis is 7 fold higher in patients with poor collaterals. The use of the MTCS system is recommended and supported due to its easy and rapid applicability.