Cone-Beam Computerized Tomography Evaluation of the Relationship between Orthodontic Vertical Direction Parameters and the Distance from the Apex of the Upper Central Tooth to the Nasal Floor and Anterior Nasal Spine

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Çınarsoy Ciğerim S., Sezen Erhamza T.

Tomography, vol.10, no.1, pp.37-46, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/tomography10010004
  • Journal Name: Tomography
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.37-46
  • Keywords: anterior nasal spine, CBCT, nasal floor, orthodontic treatment, upper central, vertical growth pattern
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the vertical cephalometric values and the distance from the apex tip of the upper central tooth (U1A) to the anterior nasal spine (ANS) and nasal floor (NF) using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT). One hundred and twenty-two patients who applied to the Department of Orthodontics between January 2011 and June 2019 were included. The distances between the U1A and the NF and ANS were measured using CBCT. Statistical significance was considered as p < 0.05. Of the 122 individuals, 73.8% (n = 90) were female and 26.2% (n = 32) were male, with a mean age of 22.8 ± 3.3 years. A statistically significant moderate positive correlation was found between the mean NF-U1A values and the N-Me, ANS-Me, ANS-Gn, S-Go, and N-ANS measurements (p < 0.01). A statistically significant positive correlation was found between the mean ANS-U1A values and the Ar-Go-Me, total posterior angles, N-Me, SN/GoGn and Y-axis angle, ANS-Me, and ANS-Gn measurements (p < 0.01). The distance from the U1A to the ANS and NF was related to the orthodontic vertical direction parameters. The ANS-U1A and NF-U1A distances can serve as reference points for identifying the orthodontic vertical growth pattern from CBCT scans.