Infuences of Farmyard Manure and its Biochars Prepared at Diferent Temperatures on Soil Properties and Soil Enzymes and CO2 Emission from Soil Under İrrigation Conditions with Treated Wastewater


Yerli C.

WATER, AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, vol.234, no.59, pp.1-18, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 234 Issue: 59
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11270-023-06085-2
  • Journal Name: WATER, AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-18
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

While irrigation with treated wastewater and using farmyard manure are important in the efective use of resources, this dual considers a more economical strategy by improving the soil properties thus increasing the yield. However, soil-sourced CO2 production that may occur in this case reveals the risks of both global warming and infertility of the soils with carbon loss from the soil. In this case, biochar, an organic improver, provides carbon sequestration, reducing emissions and maintaining soil fertility. However, the emission-reducing and soil-improving efects of the biochar, which is prepared by the pyrolysis of organic-raw-material at diferent temperatures, are not clear depend on the pyrolysis temperatures. In this study, the emission-reducing and improving physical-chemical properties and enzyme activity of soil by mixing farmyard manure and its biochars prepared at diferent temperatures into the soil irrigated with treated wastewater were investigated. The results showed that the biochar prepared at low pyrolysis temperatures had a higher improvement efect on the porosity, wet aggregate stability, organic matter/carbon, total N and cation exchange capacity of soil, and biochar prepared at high temperatures increased the EC and pH of the soil more, while the application of biochar prepared at low temperatures to the soil resulted in a decrease in bulk density of the soil. In addition, while the highest enzyme activities were obtained from farmyard manure, the biochar prepared at low temperatures increased the enzyme activity of the soil more than high temperatures. The improvement in soil properties was higher in irrigation with treated wastewater according to fresh water but it caused 42.7% more CO2 production from soil. While 20.6% to about 2 times more soil CO2 production was obtained from farmyard manure according to soil and biochar treatments, its biochars signifcantly reduced CO2 emissions and the emission-reduction efect of biochars with increasing pyrolysis temperature was further increased. Considering that biochar prepared at low temperatures supports the improvement in soil properties but causes higher CO2 production, in the irrigation conditions with treated wastewater, the use of farmyard manure biochar prepared at high temperatures was found to be advisable to improve agricultural and environmental sustainability