Trace Elemental Analysis of Allium Species by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) with Multivariate Chemometrics

VARHAN ORAL E., Tokul-Olmez O., Yener I., Fırat M., TÜNAY Z., Terzioglu P., ...More

ANALYTICAL LETTERS, vol.52, no.2, pp.320-336, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00032719.2018.1460376
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.320-336
  • Keywords: Allium species, hierarchical cluster analysis, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, principal component analysis, trace elements, HEAVY-METAL CONTAMINATION, MEDICINAL HERBS, HYDRIDE GENERATION, EMISSION-SPECTROMETRY, MULTIELEMENT ANALYSIS, INORGANIC ELEMENTS, OPTICAL-EMISSION, FOOD SAMPLES, TEA, VEGETABLES
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Aerial parts and roots of the 12 Allium species collected from five localities of Turkey were studied for trace elements (Ag, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Se, Tl, V, and Zn) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A tomato leaves certified reference material was used to characterize the accuracy and precision of the analysis. Each Allium species contained Se (315-2740 mu g/kg), Tl (2.75-71 mu g/kg), V (77-6790 mu g/kg), and Zn (3.73-26.6 mg/kg) which can meet the necessary daily intake of these minerals. In addition, chemometric analyses were performed using correlation analysis, principal component analysis, and hierarchical cluster analysis to determine the association of 12 trace elements in the Allium species. Using chemometrics, the distribution of elements between aerial parts and roots, and geographic collection localities of Allium species were also examined. This study is important the consumers because of the wide consumption of Allium species. This report is the first detailed characterization of the metal content of Allium species.