Novel stimuli-responsive hydrogels derived from morpholine: synthesis, characterization and absorption uptake of textile azo dye

Ilgin P., ÖZAY Ö.

IRANIAN POLYMER JOURNAL, vol.26, no.6, pp.391-404, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13726-017-0528-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.391-404
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


A new cationic monomer methacrylamido-4-(2-aminoethyl) morpholine, (MAEM) derived from morpholine was synthesized in a single step and characterized by FTIR, H-1 and C-13 NMR analyses. Through free radical aqueous polymerization, novel copolymeric hydrogels have been prepared successfully using methacrylamido-4-(2-aminoethyl) morpholine and acrylamide (Aam) as monomers. Later on SEM, FTIR, elemental analysis and TG instruments were used to characterize the obtained poly(acrylamide-co-methacrylamido-4-(2-aminoethyl) morpholine), poly(Aam-c-MAEM), hydrogels. Poly(Aam-c-MAEM) hydrogels were tested for swelling, diffusion and uptake of reactive orange, RO, anionic dye. In this regard, various adsorption kinetics and isotherm models as well as operation parameters were systematically examined and discussed in detail in relation to adsorption uptake such as pH of media, comonomer composition, adsorbent dosage, temperature, initial dye concentration and contact time. The description of adsorption process of RO on hydrogels was consistent with the pseudo-second-order model followed by Elovich and pseudo-first-order. The best fitting adsorption model was selected on the basis of R-2, in the order of: Temkin > D-R > Langmuir > Freundlich isotherm. The results obtained in this study demonstrate that poly(Aam-c-MAEM) hydrogels provide an excellent advantage for application of this hydrogel system in the removal of anionic textile dyes from wastewater.