Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Education And Research, vol.52, no.4, pp.102-107, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)
Background: Salvia L., the largest genus of Lamiaceae, includes about 1000 species,
widespread throughout the world. This genus is represented, in Turkish flora, by 99
species and 113 taxa, 58 of which are endemic. Some members of this genus are
of economic importance since they have been used as herbal tea, flavouring agents
in perfumery and cosmetics. Some sage (Salvia L. ) species has been credited with a
long list of medicinal uses: e.g. spasmolytic, antiseptic, astringent. Objective: In present
study, essential oil composition of some sage (Salvia L.) species cultivated in Izmir
(Turkey) was investigated. Sage species have recently become more common in Turkey
and sage cultivation is increasing especially in the Aegean Region. Material and Methods:
The species of Salvia fruticosa Mill., Salvia officinalis L., Salvia sclarea L., hybrid (Salvia
fruticosa Mill. x Salvia officinalis L.) and Salvia dichroantha L. were used in the study.
Essential oils were extracted according to hydro distillation method with clevenger
type apparatus and analyzed using GC-FID and GC-MS system. Results: Essential oil
contents of Salvia fruticosa Mill. was 3.86%, Salvia officinalis L. 2.42%, Salvia sclarea
L. 0.5%, Salvia fruticosa Mill. x Salvia officinalis L. 2.84% and Salvia dichroantha L.
0.19%. The number of components in essential oils were detected 22, 16, 14, 20 and
16 respectively. The chemical composition of the essential oils in Salvia fruticosa Mill.
1,8-cineole (57.18%), Salvia officinalis L. β-thujone (34.59%), Salvia sclarea L. linalyl
acetate (46.77%), Salvia fruticosa Mill. x Salvia officinalis L. 1,8-cineole (21.42%) and
β-thujone (18.37%) and Salvia dichroantha L. β- caryophyllene (23.11%) and sabinyl