Essential Oil Composition of Some Sage (Salvia spp.) Species Cultivated in İzmir (Turkey) Ecological Conditions

Karik Ü., Çınar O., Tunçtürk M., Şekeroğlu N., Gezici S.

Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Education And Research, vol.52, no.4, pp.102-107, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Journal Name: Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Education And Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.102-107
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Salvia L., the largest genus of Lamiaceae, includes about 1000 species,

widespread throughout the world. This genus is represented, in Turkish flora, by 99

species and 113 taxa, 58 of which are endemic. Some members of this genus are

of economic importance since they have been used as herbal tea, flavouring agents

in perfumery and cosmetics. Some sage (Salvia L. ) species has been credited with a

long list of medicinal uses: e.g. spasmolytic, antiseptic, astringent. Objective: In present

study, essential oil composition of some sage (Salvia L.) species cultivated in Izmir

(Turkey) was investigated. Sage species have recently become more common in Turkey

and sage cultivation is increasing especially in the Aegean Region. Material and Methods:

The species of Salvia fruticosa Mill., Salvia officinalis L., Salvia sclarea L., hybrid (Salvia

fruticosa Mill. x Salvia officinalis L.) and Salvia dichroantha L. were used in the study.

Essential oils were extracted according to hydro distillation method with clevenger

type apparatus and analyzed using GC-FID and GC-MS system. Results: Essential oil

contents of Salvia fruticosa Mill. was 3.86%, Salvia officinalis L. 2.42%, Salvia sclarea

L. 0.5%, Salvia fruticosa Mill. x Salvia officinalis L. 2.84% and Salvia dichroantha L.

0.19%. The number of components in essential oils were detected 22, 16, 14, 20 and

16 respectively. The chemical composition of the essential oils in Salvia fruticosa Mill.

1,8-cineole (57.18%), Salvia officinalis L. β-thujone (34.59%), Salvia sclarea L. linalyl

acetate (46.77%), Salvia fruticosa Mill. x Salvia officinalis L. 1,8-cineole (21.42%) and

β-thujone (18.37%) and Salvia dichroantha L. β- caryophyllene (23.11%) and sabinyl

acetate (21.87%).