Although outcome studies and systematic reviews have been published on the surgical treatment of third ventricle colloid cysts (TVCC), there are no meta-analyses that compare the outcomes for various surgical approaches. This meta-analysis assesses the outcomes and complications for transcortical, transcallosal, and endoscopic surgical approaches used to excise TVCCs. A meta-analysis of surgically excised TVCCs was performed with an assessment of outcome for transcortical, transcallosal, and endoscopic approaches. A random-effects model analyzed the extent of surgical excision. The analysis included reports that compared at least two of these surgical approaches, for a total of 11 studies comprising a population of 301 patients. The transcortical approach was associated with a higher incidence of complete excision compared to the endoscopic approach (OR = 0.137, p = 0.041), with no significant differences observed between transcortical and transcallosal approaches, and between transcallosal and endoscopic approaches. Comparison between endoscopic and pooled microsurgical approaches was also insignificant (OR = 0.22, p = 1). The risk of motor weakness was increased with the transcortical approach compared to the endoscopic approach (OR = 6.10, p = 0.018). There were no significant differences between transcortical and transcallosal approaches regarding newly onset seizures, and no significant mortality differences between all three approaches. This study demonstrates that microsurgical approaches are associated with a greater extent of resection compared to endoscopic approaches; however, best results are likely achieved based on the surgeon's expertise, flexibility, and case review.