DFT analysis and electronic properties, and synthesis of tetra (9-phenyl-9H-xanthen-9-yl) oxy peripheral-substituted zinc phthalocyanine

Solgun D., Keskin M. S., YILDIKO Ü., Ağırtaş M. S.

CHEMICAL PAPERS, vol.74, no.8, pp.2389-2401, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11696-020-01087-4
  • Journal Name: CHEMICAL PAPERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core
  • Page Numbers: pp.2389-2401
  • Keywords: Phthalocyanine, Fluorescence, Synthesis, Solubility, Computation, Non-linear, WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES, NBO ANALYSIS, HOMO-LUMO, PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, MEP, HYDROXYLATION, SPECTRA
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The 4-((9-phenyl-9H-xanthene-9-yl) oxy) phthalonitrile compound was synthesized and characterized as starting material. Zinc phthalocyanine was obtained by reaction of 4-((9-phenyl-9H-xanthen-9-yl) oxy) phthalonitrile with Zn(CH3COO)(2). Novel compounds were characterized using mass spectra, UV-Vis spectroscopy, H-1-NMR, C-13 NMR, and infrared spectroscopy. The fluorescence, emission, excitation, and absorption spectra of the zinc phthalocyanine compound were studied in tetrahydrofuran (THF). The determination of these properties is very useful for photodynamic therapy applications. Also, zinc phthalocyanine (Zn-Pc) was optimized with the basic set of 6-311G and LanL2DZ of the Density functional theory (DFT). The energy band-gap HOMO-LUMO of the molecule was determined. Chemical indices were calculated using HOMO-LUMO energies. The electrophilic region and the nucleophilic region were defined from the molecular electrostatic potential (MESP) maps. Dipole moment components have been calculated and can be considered as potential candidates for the design of non-linear optical materials.