Investigation of Zoonotic Disease Pathogens (Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Streptococcus iniae) Seen in Carp Farms in The Northern Iraq-Erbil Region by Molecular Methods


Ibraheem A. S. , Önalan Ş. , Arabacı M.

International Conference on Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences (ICANAS), Antalya, Türkiye, 18 - 21 Nisan 2017, cilt.1833 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 1833
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.4981725
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Antalya
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye

Özet

The aim of this study was to determine the zoonotic bacteria in carp farms in the Northern Iraq-Erbil region. Carp is the main fish species cultured in Erbil region. The most common zoonotic bacteria generally seen in carp farms are Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Streptococcus iniae. Samples were collected from 25 carp farms in the Northern Iraq-Erbil region. Six carp samples were collected from each carp farm. Head kidney and intestine tissue samples were collected from each carp sample. Then head kidney and intestine tissue samples were pooled separately from each carp farm. Total bacterial DNA had been extracted from the 25 pooled head kidney and 25 intestinal tissue samples. The pathogen Primers were originally designed from 16S RNA gene region. Zoonotic bacteria were scanned in all tissue samples with absent/present analysis by RT-PCR. Furthermore, the capillary gel electrophoresis bands were used for confirmation of amplicon size which was planned during primer designing stage. As a result, thirteen carp farms were positive in the respect to Aeromonas hydrophila, eight carp farms were positive from head kidney and six carp farms were positive from the intestine, only one carp farm was positive from both head kidney and the intestine tissue samples. In the respect to Streptococcus iniae, four carp farms were positive from head kidney and two carp farms were positive from the intestine. Only one carp farm was positive in the respect to Pseudomonas fluorescens from the intestine. Totally, 9 of 25 carp farms were cleared (negative) the zoonotic bacteria. In conclusion, the zoonotic bacteria were high (64 %) in carp farms in the Northern Iraq-Erbil region.