Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem and occurs in 15 to 20 percent of 5-year-old children. The etiology of nocturnal enuresis remains unknown and is probably multifactorial. In this study 52 children aged between 6-17 years with tuberculosis were questioned for nocturia and nocturnal enuresis, retrospectively. Nocturnal, enuresis was found in 12 (23%) and nocturia in 22 (42%) of the children, respectively. After specific treatment with antituberculosis drugs nocturnal enuresis and nocturia were improved in 5 and 21 children, respectively. However, it could not be explained why these disorders were much higher in children with tuberculosis than healthy children. The findings suggest that nocturnal enuresis and nocturia may be in a high frequency in children with tuberculosis; however, the authors think that prospective and more extensive studies should be performed to clarify these preliminary findings.