Investigation for Zoonotic Disease Pathogens (Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Streptococcus iniae) Seen in Carp Farms in Duhok Region of Northern Iraq by Molecular Methods

Mohammed K. A., Arabacı M., Önalan Ş.

International Conference on Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences (ICANAS), Antalya, Turkey, 18 - 21 April 2017, vol.1833 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1833
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.4981726
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to determine the zoonotic bacteria in carp farms in Duhok region of the Northern Iraq. Carp is the main fish species cultured in the Duhok region. The most common zoonotic bacteria generally seen in carp farms are Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Streptococcus iniae. Samples were collected from 20 carp farms in the Duhok Region of the Northern Iraq. Six carp samples were collected from each carp farm. Head kidney tissue samples and intestine tissue samples were collected from each carp sample. Than head kidney and intestine tissue samples were pooled. The total bacterial DNA extraction from the pooled each 20 head kidney tissue samples and pooled each 20 intestinal tissue samples. Primers for pathogens were originally designed from 16S Ribosomal gene region. Zoonotic bacteria were scanned in all tissue samples by absent /present analysis in the RT-PCR. After RT-PCR, Capillary gel electrophoresis bands were used for the confirmation of the size of amplicon which was planned during primer designing stage. As a result, one sample was positive in respect to Aeromonas hydrophila, from intestine and one carp farm was positive in respect to Pseudomonas fluorescens from intestine and two carp farms were positive in respect to Streptococcus iniae. Totally 17 of 20 carp farms were negative in respect to the zoonotic bacteria. In conclusion the zoonotic bacteria were very low (15 %) in carp farms from the Duhok Region in the Northern Iraq. Only in one Carp farms, both Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas fluorescens were positive. Also Streptococcus inia were positive in two carp farms.