INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL CONGRESS OF MUŞ PLAIN, Muş, Turkey, 24 - 27 September 2019, vol.1, pp.48
Vine is one of the plants that can grow without problems in different soil types where
many other cultivated plants are not economically grown. Although Vitis vinifera L.
varieties are not selective about soil, the same cannot be said for American vine rootstocks.
Vine is a perennial plant and its economic life varies according to the maintenance
conditions, although it is about 30-40 years. For this reason, before bonding in a place, the
soil should be analyzed and lime content, structure, structure, depth, groundwater height
and salinity should be examined and the appropriate variety and rootstock selection should
be made accordingly. In such cases, it is very easy to benefit from the Geographical
Information System (GIS). With the data transferred to the GIS environment as map layers
(soil maps, land capability classes, suitability for irrigated agriculture, suitability for
agricultural use classes and potential usage areas), ideal land uses can be determined on
parcel basis. Therefore, the creation of quality soil maps, healthy evaluation and comments
can be made. Land applications of GIS, which is an indispensable part of agriculture,
mostly focused on land use situations. In this study, the possibilities of using GIS to
determine soil and land characteristics in viticulture were compiled.