Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a treatment modality for patients with renal failure. Peritoneal fibrosis is one of the most serious complications after long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Histological studies in both humans and animals show that chronic peritoneal dialysis results in fibrosis of the peritoneal membrane. In our study, we investigated the effect of colchicine on peritoneal alterations induced by hypertonic PD solution in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats intraperitoneally received saline (control group) once daily, for 28 days, or 3.86% glucose (PDF group), or 3.86% glucose plus colchicine (colchicine group). Animals from each group were sacrificed after 28 days with anesthetized ketamine (60 mg/kg BW). For the PD fluid assessment, 1 h before the sacrifice of animals, 10 mL PD fluid of 2.27% glucose was given, and this fluid was obtained after the sacrifice. The levels of transforming endothelial growth factor ss (TGF-ss), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and albumin were investigated both in the peritoneal dialysate and blood, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) were investigated only in peritoneal dialysate. The peritoneal membrane was evaluated histologically by light microscopy. When groups were compared in terms of body weight change, the colchicine group significantly lost weight compared to controls and PDF group (-4.7% 4.5, 3.5% 7.2, 3.0% 1.3, respectively, p = 0.018). Also, the blood albumin level was significantly lower for these in the colchicine group compared to those in the PDF group (2.7 0.35 versus 3.2 0.3 g/dL, respectively, p = 0.048). The blood TGF-ss level was significantly lower in the control group, and no difference was observed between the PDF and colchicine groups (294.4 67.5 versus 787.4 237.4 versus 615.3 235.1 pg/mL, respectively, p = 0.004). The mesothelial thickness found in groups was as follows: control group 102 18.9 mu m, PDF group 128.33 33.1 mu m, colchicine group 117 35.6 mu m ( p = 0.34). In conclusion, a rat model for peritoneal dialysis associated peritoneal derangement without fibrosis could be induced. Colchicine could not prevent peritoneal derangement in this model.