Vasculitis in childhood is a result of a spectrum of causes ranging from idiopathic conditions with primary vessel inflammation to syndromes after exposure to recognized antigenic triggers, such as infectious agents and drugs causing hypersensitivity reactions. Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. Although there is often a history of a recent or simultaneous upper respiratory tract infection, no consistent causative organism is found. We report an 11-year old boy with HSP and brucellosis and we speculated that brucellosis was the trigger agent for HSP (Ref. 13). Full Text in PDF www.elis.sk.