This study compared the application of intramuscular recombinant hepatitis B vaccine in hemodialysis patients with the application of accelerated intradermal recombinant hepatitis B vaccine, which can be applied with one-tenth of the standard dose. Sixty seronegative patients for hepatitis B were randomly separated into two groups. Twenty mu g of the recombinant hepatitis B vaccine was intramuscularly applied at 0-, 1-, 2-, and 6-month intervals to the first group (32 cases). One more dose was applied at month 12 to those whose anti-HBs titers remained below 100 mIU/mL at month 7. The same vaccine was intradermally applied at 2 mu g dose six times with one-month intervals to the second group (28 cases). Vaccine applications were continued in those whose anti-HBs titers remained below 100 mIU/mL at month 7 until antibody titers reached above this value or until the dose number became 12. Measurements of antibody titers were repeated at month 13 in both groups. As a result, in the vaccination of hemodialysis patients against hepatitis B, the accelerated ID application of hepatitis B vaccine with a dose reduced to one-tenth is more cost-effective than the standard dose vaccination schedules. Especially for hemodialysis patients, the time has come for routine application of ID hepatitis B vaccine as an alternative vaccination method.