Küresel Romanda Üstopya Söylemine Bir Örnek: Margaret Atwood’un Antilop ve Flurya Adlı Eseri


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Demir F. , Arvas A.

International Journal of Languages’ Education and Teaching , cilt.8, ss.168-186, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 8 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal of Languages’ Education and Teaching
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.168-186

Özet

The concept of world literature, which Goethe designed as a universal atmosphere in which national literatures would grow stronger and carry their own riches, has become understood within the paradigm of globalization today. Now, many writers consider this global atmosphere when creating their works. Movements such as postmodernism, the acceleration of communication and translation opportunities lead many authors to produce works based around the world-wide audience such as epidemic, ecology, global warming, migration, identity crisis, minorities, East-West, cultural interaction. No doubt, it is obvious that the main orientation behind these themes is dystopia. Because the history of globalization can also be considered as the history of dystopia. For this reason, one of the main problems of globalizing literature is to warn humanity against this evil course. Here, one of the most important works of global literature intersecting dystopia is Margaret Atwood's novel Antelope and Flurya. Canadian writer Margaret Atwood enriches the possibilities of the global novel while examining various themes within the framework of the two concepts mentioned in this novel. She also responds to criticism of the postcapitalist era for the global novel by putting aside literary and aesthetic concerns and producing it with the logic of “bestseller”. On the other hand, it gives the narrative tradition, which stretches from Utopia to dystopia, “the ustopia style”, which is a synthesis of both trends. After all, this work seeks to examine Margaret Atwood's Antelope and Flurya through the notion of dystopian imagination in the global novel.