Retrospective Evaluation of Hydatid Cyst Cases During Pregnancy


Sahin O., Tolunay H. E. , Varli E. N. , Arat O., Aydin M.

YALE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, vol.94, no.2, pp.271-275, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: YALE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, MLA - Modern Language Association Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.271-275

Abstract

Aim: Zoonotic parasite infections affect many pregnant people around the world. Hydatid cystic disease is also a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus sp. This study aims to present the maternal-fetal results and clinical treatment of pregnant women diagnosed with liver hydatid cyst (CH). This zoonotic disease is discussed again in the light of current literature. Materials and Methods: Pregnant women with hydatid cyst monitored in a tertiary health center between 2018 and 2020 were evaluated. Seven cases were included in this study. We retrospectively collected and analyzed clinical data, which did not interfere with medical treatment. Results: Albendazole was started as medical therapy in six patients, and percutaneous drainage was applied to one patient. Three of our six patients who started medical treatment had to undergo surgery due to maternal complications that developed despite medical treatment. Two of our patients were delivered with a cesarean section due to the obstetric indications. Discussion: Hydatid cysts are most commonly caused by Echinococcus granulosus infection and most common in the liver. The diagnosis of liver hydatid cysts is not difficult, but pregnant women's treatment methods have some problems. Although both medical and surgical treatments are available, there is no consensus. We would also like to underscore that echinococcal disease of the liver should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain, jaundice, and/or fever, especially in endemic regions. We think that when we increase awareness about this disease, we can improve fetal and maternal outcomes by making an early diagnosis and management.