Domani Data Regarding the Nomadic Lives of Doms and Their Multilingualism


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Varol O.

International Migration Researches Congress (ICOMIR), Ankara, Turkey, 20 - 22 May 2021, vol.1, pp.156

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.156

Abstract

As a result of being member of a low-caste culture living in India and being exposed to the exclusion of dominant societies, the Doms as different Romani societies, started to travel from India to Iran, from Iran to Anatolia and the Caucasus, from these geographies to Arab countries and Europe since the sixth century AD. The foundations of nation states, capitalism and globalization have caused societies to abandon their nomadic lifestyles and adopt settled life in order to benefit from the citizenship opportunities offered by the countries, that nomads accomodated in. Eastern Anatolian Doms, in addition to their native language Domani, they have acquired common/valid languages “lingua franca” belonging to the dominant societies of the region and country (Kurmanji and Turkish) and they have become multilingual in their settled lives as a process of adaptation. The migration stages of Doms and their multilingual appearance are tried to be explained depending on the time, place, motivation and socio-cultural parameters. In this context, the immigrations of Eastern Anatolia Domani speakers, their identity statements and linguistic repertoire about nomadic lives in their endangered secret languages going to be discussed. The data of the study were obtained from Doms living in Van and Ağrı-Doğubayazıt by using various narrative techniques between 2017-2019. In Domani, some words and syntactic meaning networks contain various information about the nomadic lives of the Doms, unlike the settled societies. It enables us to understand that the lifestyles of communities are decisive for their languaging processes. Doms and Domani provide enlightening information on the determination of cultural distances between settled and nomadic societies according to their dominance and the convergence criteria of these societies, especially depending on the language parameter.