Effects of shift work on attention deficit, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, and their relationship with chronotype


Selvi F. F. , ASİ KARAKAŞ S., Boysan M. , SELVİ Y.

BIOLOGICAL RHYTHM RESEARCH, cilt.46, ss.53-61, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09291016.2014.948299
  • Dergi Adı: BIOLOGICAL RHYTHM RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.53-61

Özet

There is growing evidence that shift-work schedules cause severe disturbances to circadian rhythms and the sleep-wakefulness cycle, and that these changes in turn lead to cognitive and behavioral problems. The objective of this study is to explore the relationships between biological rhythm differences (chronotype) and impulsive behaviors and attention-deficit hyperactivity symptoms in shift workers. Seventy-nine nurses working in the daytime and 127 nurses working on night shifts were evaluated with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and Morningness-Eveningness questionnaire for identifying circadian preference. It was found that shift workers had more attention deficit (p.05) and impulsivity (p.01) when compared with daytime workers. Morning-type workers reported lower hyperactivity and ASRS total scores than evening- and intermediate-type workers. The mean impulsivity score of evening-type workers was higher than both the other groups (p.05). It has been shown that attention deficit, hyperactivity, and impulsivity levels that appear as a result of working shifts might change in accordance with the individual's chronotype. It might, therefore, be desirable to evaluate an individual's chronotype to establish suitability for working shifts.