Voltammetric measurement of catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor tolcapone in the pharmaceutical form on the boron-doped diamond electrode

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Kiran M., Yardım Y.

Turkish Journal of Chemistry, vol.48, no.1, pp.184-194, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0527.3650
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.184-194
  • Keywords: boron-doped diamond electrode, pharmaceutical form, Tolcapone, voltammetric techniques
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


This study presents an electroanalytical approach to measure the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor tolcapone (TOL) using a boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode. The application of cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique revealed that TOL exhibited a distinct, diffusion-controlled, irreversible anodic peak at a potential of approximately +0.71 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) in a 0.1 mol L–1 phosphate buffer solution (PBS) with a pH of 2.5. The oxidation of TOL is highly dependent on the pH and supporting electrolytes. Based on the data obtained from the pH investigation, a proposed mechanism for the electro-oxidation of TOL is suggested. Using the square wave voltammetry (SWV) technique, a satisfactory linear relationship was observed at approximately +0.66 V in a 0.1 mol L–1 PBS with a pH of 2.5. The presented method exhibited linearity within the concentration range between 1.0–50.0 μg mL–1 (3.7 × 10–6–1.8 × 10–4 mol L–1), with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.29 μg mL–1 (1.1 × 10–6 mol L–1). The BDD electrode demonstrated good selectivity against inorganic ions and filler materials interference. Finally, the suitability of the developed approach was assessed by measuring TOL in tablet formulations, resulting in favorable recoveries ranging from 103.4% to 106.2%.