Biosorption of Au(III) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution by a non-living Cetraria islandica (L) Ach.


ANNALI DI CHIMICA, vol.96, pp.229-236, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/adic.200690022
  • Journal Name: ANNALI DI CHIMICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.229-236
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No


Biosorption of Au(III) and Cu(II) from dilute aqueous solutions was investigated by biomass of the non-living Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach. The removal and recovery of gold and copper were studied by applying batch technique. The experimental parameters such as the pH of the solution. contact time. the amount of Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach. (dried lichen). the concentration of metals on retention and eluents kind and amount have been investigated. Au(III) and Cu(II) were adsorbed on the dried lichen at pH 3 and pH 8, respectively. Quantitative retention (> 90%) was obtained within 60 minutes for metals. Maximum capacity of 1.0 2 of dried lichen for biosorption of Au(III) and Cu(II) were found as 7.4 mg of Au(III) and 19.2 mg of Cu(II). It was seen that the adsorption equilibrium data conformed well to the Langmuir model and Freundlich equation for Au(III) and only Freundlich equation for Cu(II). The method proposed in this study was applied to spiked mineral water analysis and metals adsorbed on the lichens were quantitatively (> 90%) recovered from mineral water samples by using 0.5 mol L-1 HCl.