Afforestation areas defined by GIS in Golbasi specially protected area Ankara/Turkey

Dilek E. F., Sahin S., Yilmazer I.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.144, pp.251-259, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


This paper concentrates on determining the areas for afforestation and the development of conservation strategies and actions in the case where there is high demand for the conservation of a particular land area. The analysis of hydrological landscape structure and of erodibility was prerequisite in the methodological design considering the site-specific natural landscape characteristics of the study area. The Golbasi Specially Protected Area ( SPA) being the case area has many local environmental disturbances, especially with respect to its hydrological system, and the area is beset by increasing demands for its use by the burgeoning human population. It is obviously clear that the present intensive demand for recreational use will be forecasted further increase in the future. The count of rural residences is estimated to increase by 50% over the next decade. This intensive demand shall further strain the carrying capacity of the ecological milieu, which has already suffered to a significant degree because of the present urban and rural activities. The Golbasi district is located only 20 km from the city center of Ankara, and its surroundings were legally designated to be a Specially Protected Area primarily for the existence of lacustral and fluvial systems where two interconnected lakes exist: Mogan and Egmir Lakes. Essentially, the continuity of the lacustral and fluvial system of Lakes Mogan and Egmir depends on the preservation and improvement of the water sources. However, interconnected surface water bodies of these lakes are actually quite contaminated, and a decline in the water flow from Mogan to Egmir has been observed. For the elaboration of the present method, required conventional maps ( at 1/25,000 scale) of topography ( for slope analysis) and geology ( for erodibility and permeability analysis) were transferred to computer media using AutoCAD(R) R.14 software. The rectification of the transferred data was done using ERDAS(R) Imagine 8.3. All data were then transferred into a GIS engine (Arcview(R) 3.2). This software provided the ability to create, manipulate, analyze and display topologically correct geographic data in digital form. The method proceeded according to the following phases: 1. Analysis of the hydrologic landscape structure; 2. Permeability of the soil structure; 3. Permeability of the geological structure; 4. Conservation zones.